Department of hand surgery & Microsurgery.

Constriction ring syndrome

What is constriction ring syndrome ?

It is characterised by constrictions around limbs, digits or other body parts in the child.

Why does it happen ?

The fluid which surrounds the child in the uterus is called amniotic fluid. In rare occasions, amniotic fluid disruption occurs . This fluid forms amniotic bands that encircle and strangulate limbs or parts of limbs in utero.

What harm does it cause to the limbs ?

The constriction lines may be completely or incompletely around the upper or lower limbs. It can cause fusion between fingers or toes.

How constrictions around limbs are managed ?

Treatment is aimed at both functional and aesthetic improvement. Mainstay of treatment are careful removal of scar, elongation and reorientation of scar.